Access Control systems are an ingenuous means for controlling access to certain areas, and are one of many security systems suitable for businesses, commercial, and private residential properties.

You may have heard the term ‘access control’ before, but what exactly are physical access control systems and how do they differ from logical access control?


What is Physical Access Control?

Physical access control is, as the name might suggest, physical in nature; it restricts and controls access to certain areas, giving access to those with physical passes. Some examples of physical access control systems include password coded doors, and areas controlled with card readers and fob passes.

One benefit of physical access control systems is that they’re very diverse; they can control access through front gates, building entrances, room entrances, warehouses, car parks, storage rooms, and more. Physical access control systems can be used to keep individuals, stock, and private possessions safe, while also limiting access to potentially dangerous substances like cleaning supplies or harmful chemicals.


Physical Access Control VS Logical Access Control

If that’s what a physical access control system is, what’s a logical access control system and how is it different?

Contrary to physical access control systems, logical access control systems don’t rely on physical passes such as fobs and cards to allow access. Logical access control systems are based on the identification and authentication of an individual’s identity through the use of more complex and advanced methods, such as biometrics.

One key difference between logical access control and physical access is that, since logical access is attuned to each individual identity, it’s very easy to control specifically who is allowed in or out. When necessary, individuals can immediately have their access removed with no way for them to get it back with out the appropriate authorisation.

Logical access control systems also make it possible to keep a record of exactly who has been coming and going, and when. Physical access control systems can also do this to an extent, but with card readers it’s possible for an individual to borrow someone else’s to gain access to an area that they might not ordinarily have access to.

Both physical and logical access control systems have their benefits, and different environments are suited to different styles of access control systems. Not every environment needs the increased control and monitoring made possible by logical access control; some would be best served by a widely available key cards and fobs, for example residential car parks.

If you’re considering installing an access control system but aren’t sure what kind of system is best for your property, why not utilise the services offered by IDS Security and get a FREE security survey? IDS will send one of our experienced engineers to perform an evaluation for your property. We’ll then issue a bespoke, no-obligation quote as to what security system would best benefit your property and what you might expect to pay.

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If you have any further questions about any of our services and security systems, don’t hesitate to reach out and contact us. Our expert team will answer any questions you may have and help you get your premises secure today!

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Read More: 5 Benefits of Access Control Systems

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